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By the mid-nineteenth century, however, the British had grown impatient with the arrangement and demanded direct control over Awadh.
In 1856 the East India Company first moved its troops to the border, then annexed the state for alleged maladministration.
Persian adventurer Saadat Khan, also known as Burhan-ul-Mulk, was appointed Nizam of Awadh in 1722 and established his court in Faizabad, near Lucknow.
Many independent kingdoms, such as Awadh, were established as the Mughal Empire disintegrated. 1753–1775), fell out with the British after aiding the fugitive Nawab of Bengal, Mir Qasim.
Under their dominion, music and dance flourished, and construction of numerous monuments took place.
Of the monuments standing today, the Bara Imambara, the Chota Imambara, and the Rumi Darwaza are notable examples.
Hindi is the main language of the city and Urdu is also widely spoken.
Lucknow is the centre of Shia Islam in India with the highest Shia Muslim population in India.
Yet another theory states that the city's name is connected with Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth.Emperor Jahangir (1569–1627) granted an estate in Awadh to a favoured nobleman, Sheikh Abdul Rahim, who later built Machchi Bhawan on this estate.It later became the seat of power from where his descendants, the Sheikhzadas, controlled the region.For about eighty-four years (from 1394 to 1478), Awadh was part of the Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur.
Emperor Humayun made it a part of the Mughal Empire around 1555.According to one legend, the city is named after Lakshmana, a hero of the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana.